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หน้าแรก สาระน่ารู้ Prehistoric Intellectual Property in Thailand
Prehistoric Intellectual Property in Thailand PDF พิมพ์

Prehistoric

Intellectual Property in Thailand

Chayatawatch Atibaedya

LL.B., Barrister-at-law, Master in International Business Administration

President of Intellectual Property Promotion Association of Thailand

Vice President of Intellectual Property Association of Thailand

fDirector for IP and legal Affair of Inventor Association of Thailand

 

 When visitors arrive to Bangkok via Suvarnabhumi International Airport, they will be astonished with not only its world biggest terminal area of 563,000 square meters but also its fanciful architectural design. It was constructed with two types of material, the aluminum wall lining from the first to second floors and the glass wall using the innovation of cable stayed fade. The airport is placed on the very suitable location at only 29 kilometers southeast of Thailand’s former main airport Don Muang and at only 40 minutes to the centre of Bangkok Metropolitan by car. The airport could eventually welcome up to 45 million passengers and three million tons of cargo annually. In the year 2010 when the Airport Link shall be fully finished, passengers may check in and deposit their baggage at the center station in Bangkok and will be directly transported to Suvarnabhumi International Airport within 20 minutes by its high speed train. King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand graciously named it “Suvarnabhumi” or “golden land” after the famous world heritage land area of Southeast Asia consisting of major land of Thailand, Myanmar, Laos, Kambudia, and Malaysia. It is evidenced that there were a number of tribes and nations resided on Suvarnabhumi for many thousands of years. During trend of development, ancient people in Suvarnabhumi demonstrate strength of networking, culture as well as their own innovation transmitted to their heirs, the people of  suvarnabhumi.Ban Chiang, for example, is one of the world heritages in Thailand at Udon Thani Province. The archaeological site of Baan Chiang represents 4,000 years of continuous occupation and prehistoric technology namely plants and animals farm; textile techniques as well as manufacturing of ceramic, jewelry, bronze and iron. The earliest population of Ban Chiang started about 5,600 years ago with small agricultural society grew their rice and raised their own animal.  

At the early stage of dwellings, there was no metal equipment used. People of Ban Chiang used the sharp devices made from stone or shell for agriculture and decorative means. The ceramic era had been developed from the paint of black or dark gray on the surface of earthily utensils left drying by wind and sunlight. Carving of the pottery was more develop using special technique of coin-and-slap. The clay was placed on a flat circular platform. Twisting technique was used then in order to form the clay into the expected shape. Then the carved baked clay rollers were used to create more complex texture and coloring on the ancient devices. Finally the shaped clay was deliver to the open-fired with 500-700 degree censes to make it dried with hard and strong characteristic.

carved baked clay rollersSource: http://www.museum.upenn.edu/new/research/Exp_Rese_Disc/Asia/banchiang/rollers.shtml   About 4,000 years ago, the metal devices had been used as bracelets, ring, axe, spear blade. Consequently during 3,000-2,300 years ago the ancient Ban Chiang people more involve in extra community exchange network. To this era, the knowledge by which copper and tin were brought to the bronze is formed. This demonstrated that the basic though of bronze metallurgical technology was well understood and normally used at that time. At the latter period, the bronze smith could be able to create the new type of copper alloy contains more than 20% of tin, such component represent the material which is very hard but still brittle. However, it was enough for the then normal use. 

Source: http://www.museum.upenn.edu/new/research/Exp_Rese_Disc/Asia/banchiang/bronzelab/index.shtml During 2,700-2,500 years ago, it is possible that Ban Chiang become keen in iron making as the archeologists had excavated and learned that the iron tools found in one site made from smelted terrestrial wrought iron not from meteoric iron. It could be said that there were the first step of manufacturing of iron in Thailand during such event by the ancient people of Ban Chiang. To make this, the wrought iron would be rapidly forged while it was silk hot into the desire shape. Then, annealing of the forged object would be anticipated. Finally, the process called quenching sand had been introduced to the iron to make it become harder.                         Those techniques sound normal for us who is living in this modern technology. If we could imagine to those who inhabited in the undeveloped circumstance 4,000 years ago, no advanced communication and transportation. We must grant our respect to the unknown inventors of Ban Chiang who demonstrated their attempt to establish such advance technologies and transmitted the same to us people of Suvarnabhumi, their own heir.

 

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